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Page number:87 
Description type:Non-original description 
Description:Lopharia Kalchbrenner & MacOwan, Grevillea 10:58. 1881.
= Thwaitesiella Massee, Grevillea 21:2. 1892.
= Lloydella Bresadola, in Lloyd Mycol. Writ. 1, Mycol. Notes 6:51. 1901.
= Porostereum Pilát, Bull. Soc. Mycol. France 52:530. 1936.
= Licentia Pilát, Ann. Mycol. 38:66. 1940.
Type species: Lopharia lirellosa Kalchbrenner & MacOwan (= Thelephora cinerascens Schwein., fide Talbot, 1954b).

Basidiomata annual; resupinate, effuso-reflexed to sessile. Upper surface gray to brown. Hymenial surface even, or with poorly developed teeth or pores; gray to brown.
Hyphal system dimitic. Generative hyphae with or without clamps; hyaline to brown. Skeletal hyphae hyaline to brown. Cutis present or absent. Hymenium thickening, not stratose. Cystidia acute; thick-walled; hyaline to brown; usually encrusted. Basidia clavate to subcylindrical; 4-sterigmate; basal clamp present or absent. Basidiospores ovoid to cylindrical; hyaline; smooth; thin-walled; negative in Melzer's; 1-nucleate.

Discussion: The generic concept of Lopharia is unstable at the present time, and is in need of revision. The genus as treated by Welden (1975) is composed of two main groups. One group includes the type species, L. cinerascens, and is characterized by the presence of single clamp connections on the generative hyphae.
The other group contains species with mostly simple-septate generative hyphae, but which occasionally form single or multiple clamps. This group shares hyphal and basidial characters with Phanerochaete. One species in this group, L. crassa (Léveille) Boidin, was transferred to Phanerochaete by Burdsall (1985) (see Chapter Four). There are more Phanerochaete-like species of Lopharia sensu Welden that would need to be taken out of Lopharia if the genus is to contain only those species which form clamp connections consistently (see Extralimital Species).
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