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Title:High-level classification of the Fungi and a tool for evolutionary ecological analyses 
Authors:Tedersoo, L; Sanchez-Ramirez, S; Kõljalg, U; Bahram, M; Döring, M; Schigel, D; May, T; Ryberg, M; Abarenkov, K 
Year:2018 
Journal:
 
Volume:90 
First page:135 
Last page:159 
DOI:
 
Keywords:51 new taxa Species Hypothesis Taxonomy of fungi Phylogenetic classification Subkingdom Phylum Nucleariae Ascomycota Aphelidiomycota Basidiobolomycota Basidiomycota Blastocladiomycota Calcarisporiellomycota Chytridiomycota Entomophthoromycota Entorrhizomycota Glomeromycota Kickxellomycota Monoblepharomycota Mortierellomycota Mucoromycota Neocallimastigomycota Olpidiomycota Rozellomycota Zoopagomycota 
Abstract:High-throughput sequencing studies generate vast amounts of taxonomic data. Evolutionary ecological hypotheses of the recovered taxa and Species Hypotheses are difficult to test due to problems with alignments and the lack of a phylogenetic backbone. We propose an updated phylum- and class-level fungal classification accounting for monophyly and divergence time so that the main taxonomic ranks are more informative. Based on phylogenies and divergence time estimates, we adopt phylum rank to Aphelidiomycota, Basidiobolomycota, Calcarisporiellomycota, Glomeromycota, Entomoph- thoromycota, Entorrhizomycota, Kickxellomycota, Monoblepharomycota, Mortierellomycota and Olpidiomycota. We accept nine subkingdoms to accommodate these 18 phyla. We consider the kingdom Nucleariae (phyla Nuclearida and Fonticulida) as a sister group to the Fungi. We also introduce a perl script and a newick-formatted classification backbone for assigning Species Hypotheses into a hierarchical taxonomic framework, using this or any other classification system. We provide an example of testing evolutionary ecological hypotheses based on a global soil fungal data set. 
Associated taxa:
 
Summary:Tedersoo, L; Sanchez-Ramirez, S; Kõljalg, U; Bahram, M; Döring, M; Schigel, D; May, T; Ryberg, M; Abarenkov, K. 2018. High-level classification of the Fungi and a tool for evolutionary ecological analyses. Fungal Diversity. 90:135-159