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Title:Looks can be deceiving: the deceptive milkcaps (Lactifluus, Russulaceae) exhibit low morphological variance but harbour high genetic diversity 
Authors:Delgat, L; Dierickx, G; De Wilde, S; Angelini, C; De Crop, E; De Lange, R; Halling, R; Manz, C; Nuytinck, J; Verbeken, A 
Year:2019 
Journal:
 
Volume:10 
Issue:14 
First page:1 
Last page:16 
DOI:
 
Keywords:Basidiomycota, Russulales, Lactifluus sect. Albati, Taxonomy, Phylogeny, New taxa 
Abstract:The ectomycorrhizal genus Lactifluus is known to contain many species complexes, consisting of morphologically very similar species, which can be considered cryptic or pseudocryptic. In this paper, a thorough molecular study is performed of the clade around Lactifluus deceptivus (originally described by Peck from North America) or the deceptive milkcaps. Even though most collections were identified as L. deceptivus, the clade is shown to contain at least 15 species, distributed across Asia and America, indicating that the L. deceptivus clade represents a species complex. These species are morphologically very similar and are characterized by a tomentose pileus with thin- walled hyphae and a velvety stipe with thick-walled hyphae. An ITS1 sequence was obtained through Illumina sequencing for the lectotype of L. deceptivus, dating from 1885, revealing which clade represents the true L. deceptivus. In addition, it is shown that three other described species also belong to the L. deceptivus clade: L. arcuatus, L. caeruleitinctus and L. mordax, and molecularly confirmed that L. tomentoso-marginatus represents a synonym of L. deceptivus. Furthermore, two new Neotropical species are described: Lactifluus hallingii and L. domingensis. 
Document type:Article 
Edition:? 
Associated taxa:
 
Summary:Delgat, L; Dierickx, G; De Wilde, S; Angelini, C; De Crop, E; De Lange, R; Halling, R; Manz, C; Nuytinck, J; Verbeken, A. 2019. Looks can be deceiving: the deceptive milkcaps (Lactifluus, Russulaceae) exhibit low morphological variance but harbour high genetic diversity. IMA Fungus. 10(14):1-16