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Title:Phialemoniopsis, a new genus of Sordariomycetes, and new species of Phialemonium and Lecythophora 
Authors:Perdomo, H.; García, D.; Gené, J.; Cano, J.; Sutton, D.A.; Summerbell, R.; Guarro, J. 
Year:2013 
Journal:
 
Volume:105 
Issue:2 
First page:398 
Last page:421 
DOI:
 
Keywords:CONIOCHAETA, LECYTHOPHORA, MULTILOCUS SEQUENCING, PHIALEMONIOPSIS, PHIALEMONIUM, POLYPHASIC STUDY 
Abstract:In previous molecular studies of a wide set of clinical isolates, belonging to the human opportunistic genera Acremonium, Phialemonium and Lecytophora, were investigated and concluded that Acremonium atrogriseum was related to Phialemonium, Phialemonium obovatum and Phialemonium curvatum were species genetically very distant, and that different clinical isolates were genetically distinct from the current species of the two latter genera. In order to clarify the phylogenetic relationships among these fungi and other related taxa, as well as to describe new species, we perform a polyphasic study based on a detailed morphological study and on the analysis of sequences of four loci: the internal transcribed spacer regions, the D1 and D2 domains of the 28S rRNA, actin and ß-tubulin genes. The combination of phenetic and genetic approaches allow us to propose the new genus Phialemoniopsis to accommodate the opportunistic fungi Phialemonium curvatum and Sarcopodium oculorum, and two new species, Phialemoniopsis cornearis and Phialemoniopsis pluriloculosa. The taxonomy of that genus has not been resolved, remaining insertae sedis within Sordariomycetes. In addition, the new species Lecythophora luteorubra, Lecythophora cateniformis and Phialemonium globosum are described and discussed, and the species A. atrogriseum and Taifanglania inflata are transferred to the genus Phialemonium. According to our results Lecythophora and Phialemonium are currently monophyletic genera of the families Cephalothecaceae and Coniochaetaceae (Sordariales), respectively. Tables summarizing key morphological features to distinguish the current species of Lecythophora, Phialemonium and Phialemoniopsis are provided. 
Document type:Article 
Edition:? 
Associated taxa:
 
Summary:Perdomo, H.; García, D.; Gené, J.; Cano, J.; Sutton, D.A.; Summerbell, R.; Guarro, J. 2013. Phialemoniopsis, a new genus of Sordariomycetes, and new species of Phialemonium and Lecythophora. Mycologia. 105(2):398-421