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Title:Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans sp. nov. causes lethal chytridiomycosis in amphibians 
Authors:Martel, A; Spitzen-van der Sluijs, A; Blooi, M; Bert, W; Ducatelle, R; Fisher, MC; Woeltjes, A; Bosman, W; Chiers, K; Bossuyt, F; Pasmans, F 
Year:2013 
Journal:
 
Volume:110 
Issue:38 
First page:15325 
Last page:15329 
Publisher:The Academy, Washington DC 
DOI:
 
Keywords:amphibian decline, emerging infectious disease, ecosystem health 
Abstract:The current biodiversity crisis encompasses a sixth mass extinction event affecting the entire class of amphibians. The infectious disease chytridiomycosis is considered one of the major drivers of global amphibian population decline and extinction and is thought to be caused by a single species of aquatic fungus, Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis. However, several amphibian population declines remain unexplained, among them a steep decrease in fire salamander populations (Salamandra salamandra) that has brought this species to the edge of local extinction. Here we isolated and characterized a unique chytrid fungus, Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans sp. nov., from this salamander population. This chytrid causes erosive skin disease and rapid mortality in experimentally infected fire salamanders and was present in skin lesions of salamanders found dead during the decline event. Together with the closely related B. dendrobatidis, this taxon forms a well-supported chytridiomycete clade, adapted to vertebrate hosts and highly pathogenic to amphibians. However, the lower thermal growth preference of B. salamandrivorans, compared with B. dendrobatidis, and resistance of midwife toads (Alytes obstetricans) to experimental infection with B. salamandrivorans suggest differential niche occupation of the two chytrid fungi. 
Document type:Article 
Edition:? 
Associated taxa:
 
Summary:Martel, A; Spitzen-van der Sluijs, A; Blooi, M; Bert, W; Ducatelle, R; Fisher, MC; Woeltjes, A; Bosman, W; Chiers, K; Bossuyt, F; Pasmans, F. 2013. Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans sp. nov. causes lethal chytridiomycosis in amphibians. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 110(38):15325-15329 
Research group:
Boekhout ?
Collemare ?
Crous ?
de Vries ?
 
Hagen ?
Houbraken ?
Robert ?
Verkleij ?