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Page number:527 
Description type:Non-original description 
Description:Bipolaris australiensis (M.B. Ellis) Tsuda & Ueyama
Colony characteristics. Colonies (PCA) spreading, grey to blackish-brown, velvety.
Microscopy. Conidiophores brown, solitary, flexuose or geniculate, smooth-walled, up to 150 µm long, mostly 3-7 µm wide. Conidiogenous nodes verruculose. Conidia straight, rounded at the ends, pale brown to mid reddish-brown, mostly 3-, rarely 4-5-distoseptate, ellipsoidal or oblong, 14-40 x 6-11 µm, smooth-walled to finely roughened.
Teleomorph. Cochliobolus australiensis (Tsuda & Ueyama) Alcorn (Ascomycota, Euascomycetes, Pleosporales: Pleosporaceae).
Pathogenicity. BSL-1. A common saprobe. Human cases: peritonitis (Mousdale et al., 1981), subcutaneous (McGinnis et al., 1986b) infections, sinusitis (Harpster et al., 1985), fungus ball in paranasal sinus (Pritchard & Muir, 1987). A disseminated infection in an immunocompetent patient was described by Flanagan & Bryceson (1997).
References. Ellis (1971), McGinnis et al. (1986b), Sivanesan (1987).
Nomenclature. Helminthosporium australiense Bugnicourt - Revue Gén. Bot. 62: 242, 1955 ? Drechslera australiensis (Bugnicourt) Subramanian & Jain - Curr. Sci. 35: 354, 1966 ? Drechslera australiensis (Bugnicourt) Subramanian & Jain ex M.B. Ellis - Demat. Hyphom. p. 413, 1971 ? Bipolaris australiensis (M.B. Ellis) Tsuda & Ueyama - Mycologia 73: 90, 1981.
Pseudocochliobolus australiensis Tsuda & Ueyama - Mycologia 73: 93, 1981 ? Cochliobolus australiensis (Tsuda & Ueyama) Alcorn - Mycotaxon 16: 373, 1983.
 
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