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 Add this item to the list  Fusarium verticillioides (Sacc.) Nirenberg
   
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Page number:704 
Description type:Non-original description 
Description:Fusarium verticillioides (Sacc.) Nirenberg
Colony characteristics. Colonies (OA) very fast growing; aerial mycelium abundant, white and often becoming tinged with purple. Sporodochia may be present or absent; when present tan to orange, discrete or confluent.
Microscopy. Conidiophores arising laterally from hyphae in the aerial mycelium, sparsely branched. Conidiogenous cells strictly monophialidic. Macroconidia delicate, slender, falcate but rather straight, 3-5-septate, 31-58 — 2.7-3.6 ?m, sometimes rare. Microconidia abundant, in chains, ovoidal to clavate, 7-10 — 2.5-3.2 ?m. Sclerotia may be present, dark bluish, giving colonies a bluish appearance.
Teleomorph. Gibberella moniliformis Wineland (Ascomycota, Euascomycetes, Hypocreales: Hypocreaceae).
Physiology. Weakly tolerant to benomyl.
Pathogenicity. BSL-2. Keratitis (Zapater, 1986; Durán et al., 1989; Pagliarusco et al., 1995), endophthalmitis (Srdi? et al., 1993), disseminated infections (Young et al., 1978; June et al., 1986; Freidank, 1995), cutaneous infections (Veglia & Marks, 1987; Matsumoto & Matsuda, 1988; Rippon et al., 1988; Gradon et al., 1990; Castagnola et al., 1993; Smith et al., 1993; Shaoxi et al., 1996; Pereiro et al., 1999; Michel-Nguyen et al., 2000), subcutaneous nodules (Datry et al., 1988), mycetoma (Ajello et al., 1985), peritonitis (Piacentini et al., 1984), a disseminated infection in an AIDS patient (Lohoué Petmy et al., 2002) and a fatal infection in a cold-blooded animal (Frelier et al., 1985). A mixed infection by F. verticillioides and F. solani was reported by Guarro et al. (2000f).
References. Booth (1977), Domsch et al. (1980), Gerlach & Nirenberg (1982), Nelson et al. (1983), Nelson (1992), Hirata et al. (2001).
Nomenclature: Oospora verticillioides Saccardo - Fung. Ital. Fig. 789, 1881; Michelia 2: 546, 1882 ? Fusarium verticillioides (Saccardo) Nirenberg - Mitt. Biol. Bundesanst. Land- u. Forstw. 169: 26, 1976.
Fusarium moniliforme Sheldon - Rep. Nebraska Agric. Exp. Stn. 17: 23, 1904.
Gibberella moniliformis Wineland - J. Agric. Res. 28: 909, 1924.
 
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