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Page number:99 
Description type:Non-original description 
Description:Ramaria suecica (Fr.) Donk. 1933. Mededeel. Univ. Utrecht 9: 105.
Clavaria suecica Fries. 1821. Syst. Mycol. 1: 469. [!] [- Clavaria suecica Fries. 1815. Observationes 1: 156, deval. name].
Clavariella suecica (Fr.) Karsten. 1881. Rev. Mycol. 3(9): 21.
= Clavaria circinans Peck. 1886. N.Y. St. Mus. Rep. 39: 43 [!]
- Ramaria circinans (Pk.) Marr & Stuntz. 1973. Biblioth. Mycol. 38: 130
= Ramaria circinans var. ance s Marr & Stuntz. 1973. Biblioth. Mycol. 38: 130. [!]
[= Ramaria ance s Marr. 1968. Thesis, Univ. Washington, ined.]
[= Clavaria truncata Peck, nom. herb., ined.]
[= Clavaria pinea Peck, nom. herb., ined.] Colored plates 11, 12.
Type specimen (neotype, des. mihi): UPS - Sweden, Upland, Hosten, 1859, det. C. P. Laestadius, s.n.
Culture: TENN.
Fruit bodies (colored plates 11, 12) up to 7 cm high, usually more or less stipitate, but often branched from the base, arising from a small mycelial mat and rhizomorphic strands, repeatedly branched, generally fusiform in outline. Rhizomorphic strands white, ill-defined, very slender and fragile, often delicately webbed, not extensive, when dried turning pale lemon yellow in 28 KOH, basal mat not extensive, appressed to substrate surfaces, separable, cottony in substrate lacunae. Stipe up to 2 cm long, up to 8 mm thick, lobed in cross-section to terete, often so short as to be indistinct, dull pallid ochraceous when young, deeper when old ("ochraceous buff," "cinnamon buff," to "cinnamon" or "sayal brown"), hardly covered with basal mat, smooth above; major branches few, erect, slightly spreading, lobed in crosssection, pallid ochre to pinkish ochre when fresh ("warm buff," "pinkish buff," "seashell pink" when young, "cinnamon" when old); axils acute to narrowly rounded, sterile, often decurrent; internodes diminishing gradually but rapidly; apices somewhat stout, acute, white when young to pallid ochre when mature ("pale pinkish cinnamon," "pale pinkish buff," in age "light pinkish buff"); hymenium amphigenous (usually) to unilateral, hardly discernable when fresh but sharply delimited when dry (sterile portion darker with spore deposit); flesh soft when fresh, drying soft, punky, friable, concolorous with surface. Taste mildly acrid to mildly bitter; odor faintly spicy or fragrant.
On humus and leaf mold (usually coniferous but not infrequently deciduous); Appalachian Mountains westward to Pacific Coastal areas from British Columbia to northern California, northern Europe.
Macrochemical reactions: FSW on hymenium slowly deep slate green, with added ETOH darkening to green-black; KOH on hymenium orange, weak brown or deep yellow; GUA on hymenium slowly deep azure, but reaction often very weak and slow; positive in ANO (these Marr); negative in ANW, PHL. Hyphae of rhizomorphic strands 1.5-3.7 µm diam, thinwalled, hyaline, conspicuously and copiously clamped, usually somewhat rigid and straight, but often easily collapsed,usually encrusted with crystalline material; inflated clamps up to 15 µm broad, broadly ovoid to onion-shaped, somewhat thick-walled (wall up to 0.8 µm thick) especially over and in juxtaposition to septum, unornamented to very rarely and sparsely ornamented. Hyphae of upper branch trama 3.0-7.5 µm diam, thin-walled, loosely interwoven to rather straight and then rather femurshaped from large clamps. Basidia 45-70 x 7.6-8.7 µm, clavate, clamped,4-sterigmate; contents homogeneous, not refringent under phase contrast; sterigmata long, slender, divergent at base, then curved inward, subperipheral.
Spores 8.1-10.4 x 3.7-5.2 µm (E = 1.69-2.42; Em = 2.12; Lm = 9.03 µm); narrowly rhomboidal to cylindrical, usually tapering asymmetrically toward the apiculus and often tapering
asymmetrically distally abaxially, roughened in profile; contents homogeneous to minutely sludgy; wall up to 0.4 µm thick, somewhat thinner distally; apiculus gradual, large, broad, but not prominent; ornamentation of coarse, cyanophilous;meandering ridges and scattered warts or papillate of coarse warts only.
Cultural characters: Key Code: (isolate TENN 39892): 2. 3. (11). 26. 32. 36. 38. 47. 53. 56.
Colony on malt agar white, averaging 15 mm diam in six weeks; gum guaiacum test positive; odor strong, sweet medicinal, perhaps of cooking fruit. Advancing margin off white, definite in outline; outer one cm inwardly increasingly cottony, with randomly arranged, ascendent (but not erect.) hyphae up to 2 mm long inward; central 5-6 mm more or less abruptly cottony, covering inoculum block with aerial hyphae up to 5 mm long.
Hyphae of advancing margin generative, up to 3 µm diam, thin-walled, with granular contents, consistently and conspicuously clamped, branched monopodially from or near clamps;
secondary hyphae often narrow (circum 1.5 µm diam), frequently branched, the branches short and peg-like (up to 30 µm long), rarely rebranched. Hyphae 5 mm from advancing margin as above, but frequency of hyphae with short, peg-like branches greatly increased, and branching pattern much more complicated (but not forming a plectenchymatous mat); gloeoplerous lengths of hyphae occuring in two forms: 1) otherwise normal, uninflated, clamped hyphae with gloeoplerous contents, and 2) frequently branched hyphae (as above), inflated up to 12 µm diam, clamped, with yellowish, gloeoplerous contents. Surface hyphae near or on inoculum block as above, but frequency of inflated, gloeoplerous hyphae greatly increased, and these hyphae becoming interlocked in an irregular plectenchymatous "skin" covering inoculum block.
Observations: Characters for this species, both macroscopic and microscopic, are very consistent. Apparently in the field, the taxon may be easily confused with R . rainieriensis (i.e. all my collections of R. rainieriensis were originally placed under R. suecica). Microscopically, however, the differences between them is striking. Even under relatively low magnification (approx. 1250X) the inflated clamp connections of the rhizomorphic strands of R. suecica are abundant, and unornamented, while those or R. rainieriensis, while not so common, are almost invariable heavily and widely ornamented. In addition, two types of skeletalized hyphae are present in the rhizomorphic strands of R. rainieriensis (but cf. discussion under that species for qualification). In addition, the spores of R. suecica (Petersen, 1972) are narrower than those of R. rainieriensis, reflected in a somewhat higher Em value. Originally, I did not consider that this species belonged within the Lentoramaria alliance, and I did not intend to take it up in this paper. For this reason, only few specimens are cited from herbaria other than TENN, but even these specimens are enough to sketch the distribution as conforming with the taega pattern of northern Europe and northern North America.
For one reason or another, not all extralimital taxa are included here, and such must be sought in other parts of this paper (i.e. Table I, or under Type studies). It has been necessary to propose new taxa, as below, and to summarize some synonymy in order to better understand the North American taxa and their relationships, and it is only to this end that these extralimital taxa are included here.
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