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Description type:Original description 
Description:Ramaria sandaracina sp. nov. var. sandaracina (pl. XXIX Fig. 97)
Holotypus M-804 in Valle Amoena grope Elbe in comitato Lewis pagi washingtoniaci 10/26/67 lectus, in herbario SUCO conservatus.
Basidiocarp: Habitat: terrestrial, growing under Western Hemlock and Douglas Fir. Color: underground portion of the fresh fruiting body white to "pale yellow" (4A3), brighter yellow near the emergence from the substratum, branches and apices "deep orange" (5-6A7-8), faint and small "violet gray" (17-19C3) bruised spots sometimes present, context subconcolorous with surface. Dried specimens mostly "grayish orange" (5B4-6) or a shade paler, the tomentum-covered areas of the stipe whitish, and occasionally the apices retaining a "copper red" (7C8) tinge, the context offwhite or near "golden yellow" (5B7) where exposed during drying. Taste: not distinctive. Odor: slightly fabaceous, or not distinctive. Form: basidiocarps mostly small to medium in size, slender, 5-10 x 3-7 cm. Stipe single or subfasciculate, conical, surface smooth, lower regions covered with a thin white tomentum, 0.5-4 x 0.5-2 cm; branching up to 6 times from the stipe, nodes polychotomous or mostly dichotomous above, axils acute and branches subparallel, internodes elongated especially in the middle and lower branches, 3.5 cm about the max length, branches slender, most 0.2-1.5 cm diam, forked to finely divided near the apices; apices acute or subacute. Consistency: brittle fleshy-fibrous, sometimes a small area of the stipe slightly gelatinous, drying brittle and slightly chalky-friable.
Macrochemical Reactions: Context of the stipe non-amyloid; no significant color changes usually occurring within 30 min of application to branch sections of pyrogallol, a-napthol, guaiac, guaiacol, phenol and aniline; direct application of guaiac to the base is usually positive.
Microscopic structures: Spores: average 8.1 x 3.93 µm range 6.5-9. x 3.5-4.53 µm subcylindrical to ellipsoidal, ornamented with numerous, papillate, cyanophilous warts, spores in deposit between "grayish yellow and grayish orange" (4-5B6). Hy menium: basidia clavate, 40-70 x 6-llp, basally clamped, 1-4-sterigmate; sterigmata 3-731 long, straight or slightly incurved, erect or slightly divergent; hymenium approx 6031 thick and the subhymenium 253 thick. Subhymenial hyphae: loosely interwoven, 2-4 µm diam, clamps frequently of the keyhole type, thin-walled. Contextual hyphae: outer parallel hyphae of the stipe collapsing into a densely stratified layer, context becoming more loosely organized inward, hyphae agglutinated in places, context subparallel in the branches, slightly to highly inflated, 4-18 µm diam, walls mostly smooth and glassy, sometimes slightly fluted, moderately cyanophilous, thinwalled, ampulliform inflations near septa 7-15y diam, walls nearly smooth in the branches, distinctly ornamented in the stipe; clamps abundant, often of the keyhole type, the clamp cell occasionally enlarged; gleoplerous hyphae especially abundant in the stipe, localized bulbous regions enlarged up to 12 µm diam, otherwise diam 3-7 µm.

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