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 Add this item to the list   T. caryophyllea Fr. Fig. 11k, 22, 23.
   
Literature:
 
Page number:46 
Description type:Non-original description 
Description:T. caryophyllea Fr. Fig. 11k, 22, 23.
Fruit-bodies 1.5-4 cm. high, mesopodal, infundibuliform, occasionally
pleuropodal; stem 4-17 x 2-5 mm., smooth, matt or subtomentose, chestnut brown, occasionally almost lacking, drying pallid; pileus 1-5 cm. wide, entire or more or less deeply lacerate into flabelliform or spathulate, often imbricate, lobes, sometimes proliferating from the centre and becoming imbricate or doubled, radially fibrillose or rugulose, or merely inoderm, fuscous purple or purple brown, drying paler, more or less zoned; margin fimbriate. Hymenium inferior, smooth, sometimes radially streaked, decurrent, brownish or fuscous violaceous, paler to the margin. Flesh brown, thin, coriaceous, without smell.
On sandy ground in coniferous woods; North Temperate.
Spores 6.5-8.5 x 5-7 µm, umber purple, ellipsoid, angular, more or less lobate, echinulate with spines -1 µm long (less often -1.5 µm), rarely as blunt warts, 1-several guttate. Basidia 47-65 x 8-10 µm, or 70-90 x 9-12 µm; sterigmata 2-4, 7-8.5 µm long. Hymenium thickening; cystidia none. Hyphae 3-6.5(-8) µm wide, clamped, secondarily septate, developing firm, slightly thickened, brown walls. Hymenium generally cyanescent in KOH, the trama not.
I have studied over a hundred collections of this species, variable in form but always recognisable from the darkly fibrillose pileus. The form with entire infundibuliform pileus is T. radiata, or v. radiata, and that with the deeply divided pileus, as in T. anthocephala, is T. flabellaris. There are so many intermediates that I have not tried to distinguish them. The small spores and fimbriate margin also separate the species from T. anthocephala. It is close to T. regularis with paler colour and tomentose stem and without the characteristically fibrillose pileus.
Lloyd Cat. n. 41468 (leg. Muensher, Ithaca, N. Y.), determined as T. fimbriata by Lloyd, seems to be a resupinate, encrusting state on pineneedles, identical microscopically with typical T. caryophyllea, but compare Tomentella castanea Bourd. et Galz. Torrend 49, from Portugal, has merely verrucose spores. The co-type of T. convoluta Vel. at Prague (Fl. Bohemica 150030) is small T. caryophyllea with strongly thickened hymenium. For the possible occurrence of the species in Alaska, see the note under T. anthocephala.
 
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