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Page number:195 
Description type:Non-original description 
Description:Clavaria subbotrytis COKER (1923). Clav. U. S. & Can. pp. 116-117.
--- Ramaria subbotrytis (COKER) CORNER (1950). Ann. Bot. Mom. 1: 625.
HOLOTYPE: NCU - herb. COKER, Battle's Branch, Chapel Hill, NC, 21. x. 20, coll. GRANT, no. 4679.
Fruitbody solitary, 7.5 x 5.5 cm, repeatedly branched, obovate in outline. Stipe portion 20 x 15 mm, prominent, single, stout, bluntly carrot-shaped or turnip-shaped, rooting slightly, smooth but not glabrous all over, divided near the very base into two major branches, white below substrate, concolorous with major branches above, with evidence of brunnescence or rufescence on small branchlets of smaller major branch and on the major stipe portion; flesh white when fresh, very brittle; surface hard on drying. Major branches 4, now channeled and longitudinally ridged, ascending but not erect, flesh pink all over ("flesh pink" of RIDGWAY, teste COKER), fading to creamy ochraceous (COKER) in age except for uppermost branches and apices; flesh whitish downward, pinkish upward, and finally concolorous with upper branches; axils rounded to openly rounded; internodes diminishing rather abruptly; apices somewhat prolonged digitate, di- to tri-chotomous, concolorous with upper branches or slightly paler. Odor none; taste slightly krauty (bitter or sour).
Mixed frondose and coniferous woods.
Hyphae of stipe trama 2.5-9 µm diam, thin- to somewhat thick-walled (wall up to 0.5 µm thick), easily shattered, hyaline, without clamp connections; ampulliform swellings up to 13 µm broad, thin-walled, unornamented to sparsely ornamented; gloeoplerous hyphal system represented by short lengths of non-refringent hyphae near septa, often swollen at septa. Hyphae of upper branch trama 3-15 pm diam, thinwalled, hyaline, without clamp connections, strictly parallel, adherent. Basidia nearly all collapsed, estimated at 40 x 8 µm , clavate, often sinuous, without clamp connections, somewhat refringent when young; sterigmata 4.
Spores (Fig. 10) 8.3-10.1x3.2-5.2 µm (E=2.00-2.78; Em = 2.32; Lm = 9.62 Lm), cylindrical to narrowly ellipsoid, commonly with an adaxial swelling, almost smooth in profile; contents homogeneous to obscurely guttulate or vacuolate; wall up to 0.3 µm thick; hilar appendix eccentric, gradual; ornamentation of strongly cyanophilous, complex meandering ridges and scattered warts covering extensive wall area; cinnamon ochraceous in prints.
Observations. - In notes with the type specimen COKER gave the critical characters for C. subbotrytis as follows
"1. Young twigs white throughout. 2. Mature plant - larger branches pinkish tan, main body bright flesh pink ("flesh pink" of RIDGWAY), the tips concolorous. 3. Flesh very brittle and crisp, concolorous with surface. 4. Spores narrow, nearly smooth, (3)3.4-4(4.4) x 7.4-10.5(11) µm. 5. Taste slightly bitter; odor none. 6. Spreading at surface to a more or less massive base from a slender root. 7. Dried plant very dark reddish brown, the flesh hard, much shrunken. 8. Bruises not turning reddish or purplish."
To these characters could be added clampless hyphae and basidia. This epithet has been misapplied in western North America and Europe (at least) to any large coral pink or flesh pink coralloid fruitbody, even to very brightly colored (magenta to bright rosy pink) fruitbodies. When restricted to clampless strains, and with stout stipe and characteristically small, narrow spores, the taxon seems to fruit only in eastern North America, where it shares general color with another clampless taxon, as yet unnamed.
Spore measurements of the type vary considerably, but no more than for toher taxa.
COKER was very vague about the color of branch apices, often a critical character. From notes with the type, I conclude that they were concolorous with branches, and with no yellow shade. Moreover, even when branches fade with age or spore deposit, apices remain pinkish.
Evidently it was this coloration which led COKER to consider two varieties under the species. Variety intermedia is treated below as a separate species.
Ramaria subbotrytis is not very similar to R. botrytis (PERS.: FR.) RICKEN, which produces spores ornamented with striae, and branch apices suffused with purplish-red color, not pink, and branches cream-color, not flesh pink. I have consistently treated R. botrytis as the type of Ramaria subg. Ramaria, while R. subbotrytis must be considered a member of subg. Laeticolora.
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