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Page number:961 
Remarks (internal):Entoloma coprophilum belongs to sect. Cheilocystidiata on account of the mycenoid habit, intracellular pigment, long elements of trama and polished stipe. No European species has this combination of characters with capitate cheilocystidia. Furthermore the habitat is fairly exceptional, since it is the first known species growing on dung. 
Description type:Original description 
Description:Entoloma coprophilum Noordel. & Doveri, sp. nov. (fig. 330)
Pileus 8-13 mm broad, 7-11 mm high, paraboloid to conico-campanulate, expanding to plano-convex, with distinct papilla or not, with deflexed, wavy, crenulate edge, hygrophanous, translucently striate up to 2/3 of radius, dark yellow-brown at centre, paler towards margin, pallescent on drying from centre to margin, smooth or subtomentose at centre only. Lamellae moderately distant, thickish, ascending to adnexed, ventricose, white then pink, with irregular, concolourous edge. Stipe 20-30 x 1-1.5 (-2) mm, cylindrical or with slightly inflexed base, pale brown at apex, gradually darkening towards base, finely pruinose at apex or not, downwards smooth, polished. Context concolourous with cortex. Smell none.
Spores 7.0-8.5 (-9.0) x 5.5-6.5 ?m, average 7.7-5.8 ?m, Q = 1.2-1.4, Qav = 1.3, 5-7 angled in side-view with rather pronounced angles. Basidia 20-40 x 6-14 ?m, 4-spored, clamped. Lamella edge sterile or heteromorphous with clustered cheilocystidia. Cheilocystidia 18-35 x 3.0-9.0 x 2.0-6.0 ?m, lageniform to lecithiform or subclavate, usually with rounded or capitate apex, thin-walled, clamped. Hymenophoral trama regular, made up of up to 200 ?m long, fusoid elements, often with brownish intracellular pigment. Pileipellis a cutis, at centre with a few ascending elements forming a transition to a trichoderm, elements 2.0-10 (-18) ?m wide, thin-walled. Pileitrama regular, made up of fusiform elements, up to 250 ?m long, 5.0-20 ?m wide. Pigment brown, intracellular in pileipellis and upper pileitrama. Clamp-connections abundant in hymenium, rare or absent elsewhere.
Habitat and distribution: saprotrophic, gregarious on old cow-dung under Quercus ilex. So far only found in the type locality near Livorno, Italy.
 
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