Search on : Taxa descriptions


Page number:196 
Remarks (internal):Entoloma anthracinum is very close to E. politum from which it differs in colour, farinaceous smell and more heterodiametrical spores. Entoloma engadinum is also very close, but has slightly paler fruit-bodies.
Description type:Non-original description 
Description:Entoloma anthracinum (Favre) Noordel. (fig. 88)
Rhodophyllus anthracinus Favre, Champ. super. Zone alp.: 200. 1955; Entoloma anthracinum (Favre) Noordel., Persoonia 11: 228. 1981.
Icon.: Favre, Champ. super. Zone alp., pl. 5, fig. 10. 1955.
Bibl.: Favre, Champ. super. Zone alp.: 60-61, fig. 59. 1955; Kühner in Bull. trimest. Soc. mycol. Fr. 93: 471-477, 1977; Noordeloos in Persoonia 11: 228-229, fig. 48. 1981: Noordeloos & Gulden in Can. J. Bot. 67: 1733. 1989; Noordeloos in Persoonia 12: 289­290, fig. 18. 1984.
Tipizzazione - Holotypus: non indicato; località di raccolta del tipo: National Park, Engadin, Svizzera.
Pileus 15-30 mm broad, convex with depressed centre, with or without small papilla, with inflexed margin, hygrophanous, when moist dark grey-brown, not translucently striate, slightly pallescent on drying, smooth, glabrous or somewhat rugulose at centre. Lamellae normally crowded, adnate or emarginate, segmentiform to ventricose, whitish to grey or grey-brown with pink tinge and concolorous, entire edge. Stipe 10-40 x 2-8 mm, cylindrical or tapering towards base, concolorous with pileus or slightly paler, smooth, glabrous, polished or with innate fibrils but never striate. Context dark grey-brown concolorous with surface. Smell and taste farinaceous.
Spores 8.5-12.0 x 6.5-10 µm, Q= 1.1-1.4, heterodiametrical in outline with 5-8 angles in side-view. Basidia 4-spored, clamped. Lamella edge fertile. Cystidia absent. Pileipellis a cutis to thin ixocutis of narrow, cylindrical hyphae, 3-15 µm wide. Pigment brown, intracellular in pileipellis. Clamps present in all tissues.
Habitat: in moist places, often in association with dwarf Salix species in alpine habitats; summer-autumn.
Distribution: Wide-spread in alpine habitats in northern and central Europe.

Taxon name: