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Page number:208 
Remarks (internal):Entoloma vinaceum is distinguished by its relatively small stature and collybioid habit. The typical variety has a yellow stipe. Two other varieties have been distinguished, based upon the colour of the stipe, viz. var. fumosipes Arnolds & Noordel. with a grey stipe, and var. violeipes Arnolds & Noordel. with a violaceous stipe. Both varieties have more or less the same habitat and distribution as the typical variety. Entoloma vinaceum is frequently collected fairly late in the season until early winter.
 
Description type:Non-original description 
Description:Entoloma vinaceum (Scop.) Arnolds & Noordel. (tav. 23, 88e, fig. 93)
Agaricus vinaceus Scop., Fl. carn. I: 444. 1772; Nolanea vinacea (Scop.) Kumm., Führ. Pilzk.: 95. 1871; Rhodophyllus vinaceus (Scop.) Quél., Enchir.: 64. 1886; Entoloma vinaceum (Scop.) Arnolds & Noordel., Persoonia 10: 298. 1979.
Interpr. err.: Rhodophyllus batschianus sensu J. Lange, FL.agar. dan. 2, pl. 76E. 1936.
Icon.: Arnolds & Noordeloos in Fung. rar. Ic. col. 12, pl. 94a. 1981; Lange, J. in Fl. agar. dan. 2, pl. 76E. 1937 (come R. batschianus).
Bib.: Favre in Bull. trimest. Soc. mycol. Fr. 53: 277-279, fig. 3. 1937; Noordeloos in Persoonia 11: 223-225, fig. 30. 1981; Noordeloos in Bas & al, Fl. agar. neerl., vol. 1: 110­111, fig. 79. 1987.
Piteus 20-40 mm. broad, convex with slightly depressed centre, with margin involute to deflexed at first, becoming straight or even sometimes reflexed with age, hygrophanous, when moist translucently striate up to two-thrids of radius, horn-brown with darker brown centre, grey-brown or reddish brown, paler towards margin, pallescent on drying, smooth, glabrous or subtomentose at centre when dry. Lamellae, L = 20-25, l = 3-7, moderately distant, adnate or emarginate, segmentiform to ventricose, grey then grey-pink with concolorous, entire or eroded edge. Stipe 25-60 x 1-3 mm, cylindrical, often flexuose and distinctly tapering towards base, sometimes almost rooting, greyish at apex, downwards yellow (entirely smoke-grey in var. fumosipes; violaceous-blue in var. violeipes), smooth, polished or very finely silvery striate lenghtwise. Context thin, concolorous with pileus. Smell none. Taste mild.
Spores 6.5-8.0(-9.0) x 5.5-7.0(-7.5) µm, Q= 1.1-1.3, very thin-walled and many-anlged with weak angles, appearing almost nodulose, cyanophilous. Basidia 4-spored, clamped. Lamella edge fertile. Cystidia absent. Pileipellis an ixocutis of 2.5-7 µm wide, cylindrical hyphae. Pigment brown, intracellular in pileipellis. Clamps present in all tissues.
Habitat: in grassland and heaths, on acidulous, sandy or peaty soil; Aug.-Dec.
Distribution: Wide-spread in northwestern Europe; rare.


 
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