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Page number:113 
Description type:Non-original description 
Description:Pithomyces chartarum (Berk. & Curt.) M. B. Ellis, 1960, Mycol. Pap., 76: 13-15. / in Matsushima (1971), p. 45. / in Matsushima (1975), p. 113-114.
Syn Sporidesmium chartarum Berk. & Curt., apud Berkeley, Dec. 1874, Grevillea, 3, No. 26: 50. Sporidesmium echinulatum Speg. apud Saccardo, 1879, Michelia, 1: 478. Scheleobrachea echinulata (Speg.) Hughes, 1958, Can. J. Bot., 36: 802. Sporidesmium bakeri Syd., 1914, Ann. mycol., Berl., 12: 204.
Hab Solo sylvae; Okutama Town, Tokyo; ix. 1959; MFC-1031. ** Solo horto; Kyoto City, Japonia; vi. 1967; MFC-2067. ** Caule mortuo Equiseti hiemalis var. japonici; Kumamoto City, Japonia; xi. 1967; MFC-2236. ** Solo sylvae; Miyajima, Hiroshima Pref., Japonia; v. 1972; MFC-4457.
Descr MFC-2236 in CMA: Conidiophora lateraliter ex hyphis oriunda, dense aggregata, cylindrica, 6-12 x 3-4 µm, hyalina vel pallide ochracea, apice conidia solitaria formantia tum determinata. Conidia ovalia, transverse 3-septata, plerumque in partibus centralibus longitudinaliter septata, sicca, verruculosa, 23-30 x 13-17 µm, fuliginea, utrinque pallescentia, maturitate per fracturam conidiophori liberata. MFC-4457 in CMA: Conidia 22-28 x 12.5-16 µm.
Mem Pithomyces Berkeley et Broome (1873) / Type species: Pithomyces flavus Berk. & Br. / Syn.: Scheleobrachea Hughes (1958). ** Pithomyces chartarum is the most common species of the genus, and best known as the causal agent of facial eczema in sheep in New Zealand (Dingley, 1962).
Ref Hughes, S. J., 1953, Mycol. Pap., 50: 66. ** Hughes, S. J., 1958, Can. J. Bot., 36: 802. ** Ellis, M. B., 1960, Mycol. Pap., 76: 13. => p. 13-15. Pitheomyces chartarum. Conidiophores laterally on the hyphae, cylindrical, hyaline or subhyaline, 2.5-10 µm long, 2-3.5 µm thick. Conidia broadly oval, with 3-4 (usually 3) transverse septa, the middle cells usually with longitudinal septa, often constricted at the septa, brown to dark brown, verruculose to echinulate, 18-29 x 10-17 µm; become detached through fracture of the wall of the conidiophore. On paper and on dead leaves and sometimes stems of many different plants. ** Dinglely, J. M., 1962, N. Z. Jl agric. Res., 5: 49. ** Barron, G. L., 1968, The Genera of Hyphomycetes from Soil, Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, p. 259-260. ** Ichinoe, M., 1970, Trans. mycol. Soc. Japan , 10: 111-112. => Pithomyces chartarum, from Japan, described and illustrated. ** Leach, C. M., & M. Tulloch, 1971, Mycologia, 63:1086-1089. Pithomyces chartarum, a mycotoxin-producing fungus, isolated from seed and fruit in Oregon.
 
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