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Page number:232 
Description type:Non-original description 
Description:RAMARIA VERLOTENSIS Marr and Stuntz. Biblioth. Mycol. 38: 126. 1973. Fig. 16
HOLOTYPE: SUCO-Washington, Snohomish Co., Verlot, near Mt. Pilchuk, 4.xi.67, coll. C. D. Marr, no. 847 (with diapositive) [!].
Fruitbodies up to 13 x 9 cm, apparently broadly obovate to broadly pyriform in outline. Stipe single, small, branches almost from base or with abortive branchlets, white below, mealy to densely but superficially pruinose at base, yellow above ("maize yellow") at substrate level; flesh solid, whitish, firm-gelatinous to hard-rubbery, watery when fresh, cartilaginous to horny when dry. Major branches curved-ascending, stout, hardly terete, significantly collapsed on drying, now flattened and longitudinally ridged, pallid salmon to salmon colored ("salmon color," "light vinaceous cinnamon," "light pinkish cinnamon"); flesh apparently gelatinous or watery when fresh; branches dichotomous, flattened; internodes diminishing gradually at maturity; axils often flattened, acute. Apices dichotomous to narrowly ribbon-like (dried), firmgelatinous, concolorous with branches ("pale ochraceous salmon") to pallid yellow ("cream color").
Macrochemical reactions: FCL = positive; ANO, ANW, GUA, IKI, PHN, PYR = negative. Tramal hyphae of stipe 3-14 µm diam, hyaline, thin-walled, clampless, usually inflated, tightly interwoven, adherent to very locally free; agglutinating substance intercellular (cell walls not degenerating), granular-mucoid, hyaline; ampulliform inflations abundant, hardly thickwalled (wall up to 0.5 µm thick), scallion-shaped, with extensive, coarse stalactitiform ornamentation; gloeoplerous hyphae common, 3-8 µm diam, refringent, with abrupt inflations. Tramal hyphae of upper branches hyaline, thin-walled, clampless, of the following types: 1) medullary, 3-15 µm diam, of cigar-shaped cells, adherent, parallel; contents appearing coagulated into amorphous clots, otherwise appearing empty; ampulliform inflations occasional, up to 15 µm broad, thin-walled, unornamented; 2) gloeople-
rous hyphae occasional, undelimited, often with tibiiform termination; and 3) cortical, 3-5 µm diam, straight, freely branched, not adherent, loosely arranged. Subhymenium extensive, of tightly interwoven hyphae. Hymenium thickening; basidia 70-80 x 8-10 µm, clavate, inflated apically only at maturity, clampless; contents homogeneous to obscurely vacuolate, weakly cyanophilous; sterigmata 4, straight, spindly.
Spores (Fig. 16) 9.0-11.2 x 4.7-6.1 µm (E = 1.63-2.21; Em = 1.91; Lm = 10.06 µm), broadly ellipsoid to subovate, prominently roughened in profile; contents usually with 1-several dark yellow, hardly refringent, irregularly shaped guttules; wall up to 0.3 µm thick; hilar appendix not prominent, perpendicular to spore axis; ornamentation of large warts or low, discrete plates covering extensive wall area; struma prominent.
Commentary.-The type specimen apparently consists of only one fruitbody, collected by Marr and RHP. Thus the isotype fragment (TENN 33239) was separated from the holotype at the time of collection. The holotype (SUCO) is accompanied by a fine diapositive, a copy of which is at TENN, while a separate photo of the same fruitbody and notes on the holotype collection are also at TENN.
The marbled consistency of the stipe flesh cited by Marr and Stuntz (1973) is reflected macroscopically now by the cartilaginous, hard consistency, and microscopically by obvious agglutinating substance. Agglutination is not accompanied by cell wall breakdown, and I conclude, therefore, that the substance is secreted by the tramal hyphae and is intercellular.
The transition from inflated medullary hyphae in the upper branches to narrow cortical hyphae is gradual. Inner cortical hyphae are nearly strictly parallel, but outward they become tightly interwoven and pass gradually into the extensive subhymenium. Interestingly, only the medullary hyphae are adherent or agglutinated, but, just as in the stipe, cell walls do not degenerate with agglutination.
Spore morphology is immediately reminiscent of R. maculospora Petersen, which also shares muted pinkish beige coloration, single stipe and marbled flesh. Ramaria maculospora hyphae are clamped, however, and its fruitbodies show abortive branchlets, but no yellow apices, as cited by Marr and Stuntz for R. verlotensis.
ADDITIONAL SPECIMEN EXAMINED: Data same as holotype, RHP no. 2917, no. 33239 (ISOTYPE-TENN).
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