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Page number:170 
Description type:Non-original description 
Description:Ceratocystis piceae (Muench) Bakshi, 1950, Trans. Br. mycol. Soc., 33: 113. / in Matsushima (1975), p. 170.
Syn Ceratoptomella piceae Muench, 1907, Naturw. Z. Forst- u. Landw., 5: 547. Ophiostoma piceae (Muench) H. & P. Sydow, 1919, Ann. mycol., Berl., 17: 43. Ceratostomella piceae Muench, 1907, Naturw. Z. Land- u. Forstw., 5: 547.
Hab Ligno putrido non-identificatae arboris dicotyledonis; Towada City, Aomori Pref., Japonia; ix. 1967; MFC-2198.
Descr Hospite: Ascomata sphaerica, atra, 65-180 µm in diam., 1 (raro 2) rostro filiformi, 500- 1500 µm longo, basi 15-40 µm crasso, apice 5-15 µm crasso hyphis subulatis hyalinis, 15-30 µm longis coronato. Asci in statu praecoci deliquescentes. Ascposporae fabiformes, 3-4 x 1.3-1.8 µm, hyalinae, in muco conglutinatae. Stati imperfecti Graphium et Hyalodendron (vel Sporothix). Conidia Graphii oblonga vel ellipsoidea vel obclavata, 3-6 x 1-2.5 µm, eburnea in massa.
Mem Ceratocystis piceae is known to associated with ambrosia beetles. Ubiquitous sapstain fungus.
Ref Lagerberg, T., G. Lundberg, & E. Melin, 1927, Svenska Skogusv. Tidskrift, 2 (4): 145-739 & 2 plates. Biological and practical researches into blueing in pine and spruce. => p. 174-184. Ceratostomella piceae. ** Robak, H., 1932, Investigations regarding fungi on Norwegian ground wood pulp and fungal infection at Wood Pulp Mills, Nyt Magazin for Naturvidenskaberne, B, 71: p. 204-207. ** Nisikado, Y., & K. Yamauti, 1935, Ohara Inst. Landw. Forsch. Ber., 6: 539-560 & Pl. 25-29. Contributions to the knowledge of the sap stains of wood in Japan. III. Studies on Ceratostomella piceae Muench, the cause of a blue stain of pine trees. => Perithecial state on steamed pine wood: base globose, black, 105-225 µm ?diam. with beak 650-1950 µm ?long, basi dark brown 5-55 µm ?wide, apice lighter colored 3-18 µm ?wide, with cilia (freed and flared-out continuations of synnematous hyphae) almost hyalina, 10-15 in a fringe, 20-30 rarely 40 µm ?long; asci spherical to short elliptical, 8-spored, 4.5-10.5 µm ?in diam.; ascospores reniform or long elliptical, straight or slightly curved to one side, one or both ends pointed, 2.8-4.8 x 0.8-2.3 µm ?(av. 3.7-1.4), hyaline. / Anamorph: three states. (i) Graphium-state: synnemata dark cylindrical stalk with big colourless globose gutta; conidia hyaline, elliptical, simlar to those of Cephalosporium-state, 3-8 x 2-4 µm ?(av. 4.8 x 2.5). (ii) Cephalosporium-state. (iii) Cladosporium-state (Cladosporium herbarum-type). ** Bakshi, A., 1950, Trans. Br. mycol. Soc., 33: 113. ** Hunt, J., 1956, Lloydia, 19: 34. ** Olchowecki, A., & J. Reid, 1974, Can. J. Bot., 52: 1707. ** Hoog, G. S. De, 1974, Stud. Mycol., 7: 55-59. => Ophiostoma piceae, described and illustrated. ** Upadhyay, H. P., 1975, Taxonomy of Ceratocystis and its conidia states (Ph. D. Thesis, University of Waterloo, Canada) => Ceratocystis ficeae in cultura. Ascocarps: bases globose, black, 77-192 µm in diam., necks 500- 1500 (-2900) µm long including ostiolar hyphae, 18-45 (-52) µm wide at the base, 4.5-23 µm at the tip; ostiolar hyphae occasionally lacking, hyaline, cylindrical with blunt tip, divergent. Asci not seen. Ascospores hyaline, one-celled, lunate or orange section shaped in side view, broaedly ellipitcal in face view, nearly globose in end view, (2-) 2.5-4.5 (-5) x 1.5-2 µm. From Picea sitchensis and Abies lasiocarpa, Norway, etc.
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