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Page number:371 
Description type:Non-original description 
Description:Ramaria asiatica (Pet. et Zang) Petersen, 1988. Sydowia (in press)
= Ramaria violaceibrunnea var. asiatica Petersen and Zang. Acta Bot. Yunnan 1986. 8: 291.
Fruitbodies up to 11 x 4.5cm, repeatedly branched, obovate in profile. Stipe up to 3 x 2 cm, single to falsely fasciculate, fleshy, solid, rounded to rooting at base, more or less equal, sometimes with very few abortive branchlets, white where protected, upward gradually pallid dull violaceous("vinaceous drab"), with common areas of brown or tan ("cameo brown"), soft; flesh white, dry, drying punky. Major branches 3-4, thick, fleshy, ascending, violaceous brown("Natal brown", "army brown"), bruising slowly to "red ocher; " branches in 3-5 ranks terete, often obscurely rugulose; flesh tan ("tawny olive," "sayal brown," "wood brown, "dark olive buff"); internodes diminishing gradually upward; axils rounded. Apices slender, double-dichotomous, somewhat prolonged, "dark olive buff" when young, finally concolorous with branches. Taste negligible to faintly astringent; odor weakly fragrant, aromatic.
Macrochemical reactions; SYR=positive in spots; KOH=dark orange to copper red; NOH = copper red to maroon; FCL = deep green; ANW = positive; GUA = equivocal to weakly positive; CRE, ANW, ANO, PYR, PHN, IKI = negative. Branch sections naturally darkly colored, obscuring most reactions.
Tramat hyphae of upper branches 3.5-8 µm diam, hyaline, clamped, hardly inflated, thin-walled, parallel, tightly packed, not agglutinated or adherent; ampulliform clamps up to 12 µm broad, not abrupt, somewhat thick-walled (wall up to 1.5 µm thick), unornamented. Subhymenium extensive, hyphal. Hymenium thickening; basidia 50-58 x 7-8 pin, clavate, clamped, hyaline; contents scattered-multiguttulate; sterigmata 4, spindly, straight.
Spores (Fig. 9 ) 10.4-12.2 x 5-5.8 µm (E = 2.00-2.42; Em = 2.15; Lm = 11.34 µm ), ellipsoid, often with ssuprahilar depression, roughened in profile, yellowish; contents uni-to biguttulate, the guttules dark and refringent; wall up to 0.5 µm thick; hilar appendix broad, with no throat; ornamentation of complex meandering and anastomosing ridges and warts up to 0.3 µm high.
Commentary. A thorough discussion of this species and its affinities can be found with its original description (Petersen and Zang, 1986) and in a compilation of the Ramaria species with purple fruitbodies (Petersen, 1988 b ), where it was deemed necessary to propose the elevation of the taxon to species rank. It seems distributed over the southern Himalayas, into western and central China.
In northerii Yunnan, R. asiatica was collected at 3200 in under a mature forest of Picea, Abies, broad-leaved trees and undergrowth of Sinarundinaria. This forest seems especially rich in Ramaria taxa, and should be investigated further. Conversely, unlike other taxa, this species was not for sale at the local markets, although the type specimen (from Simao) was purchased, attesting to the edibility of its fruitbodies.
Specimens examined; Yunnan, Lijiang Pref., White Water, 32 km NE Lijiang, 7. ix. 86, no. 47265 (TENN, HKAS); Simao, 20. ix. 83, no. 45674 (Holotype, TENN); (Isotype, HKAS; 10424)
 
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