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Literature:
 
Page number:336 
Description type:Non-original description 
Description:Torula Persoon ex Fries; Persoon, 1795, Armin Bot.• (Usteri), 15 Stück: 25-26; Fries, 1821, Syst. mycol., 1: XLVI.
Hormiscium Kunze ex Fries; Kunze, 1817 in Kunze & Schmidt, Mykol. Hefte, 1: 12-13; Fries, 1821, Syst. mycol., 1: XLVI.
Colonies usually effuse but sometimes small and discrete, olive, brown, dark blackish brown or black, often velvety. Mycelium superficial and immersed. Stroma none. Setae and hyphopodia absent. Conidiophores micronematous or semi-macronematous, unbranched or irregularly branched, straight or flexuous, subhyaline to mid brown, smooth or verruculose. Conidiogenous cells polyblastic or sometimes monoblastic, integrated and terminal, or more commonly discrete, determinate, usually spherical, sometimes becoming cupulate, smooth, verruculose or echinulate, distal fertile part thin-walled, sometimes collapsing, proximal sterile part dark brown or reddish brown, thick-walled. Conidia dry, in simple or branched chains arising from the surface of the upper half of the very characteristic conidiogenous cells, cylindrical with rounded ends, ellipsoidal or subspherical, brown or olivaceous brown, smooth, verruculose or echinulate, with 0, 1 or several transverse septa, usually strongly constricted at the septa.
The terminal cell of a multiseptate conidium is frequently a conidiogenous cell.
Type species: Torula herbarum (Pers.) Link ex S. F. Gray.
 
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