Search on : Taxa descriptions


Page number:244 
Description type:Non-original description 
Description:Erysiphe biocellata Ehrenb., N. Acta phys.-med. Acad. Caes. Leop.-Car. nat. cur. 10, p. 211(1821)
Syn.: E. cichoracearum auct. p. p. E. communis auct. p. p. E. salviae (Jacz.) Blumer, Beitr. Krypt.-Fl. Schweiz 7(1), p. 273 (1933). E. monardae Nagy, Phytopath. Z. 88, p. 285 (1977), type host - Monarda didyma. E. biocellata var. monardae (Nagy) U. Braun, Zbl. Mikrobiol. 137, p. 316 (1982). E. cichoracearum f. lycopi Jaczewski (1927, p. 216), f. menthae Jacz. (l.c., p. 217). E. labiatarum f. salviae Jaczewski (1927, p. 163), f. stachyopsidis Kalymbetov, in Vasjagina et al. (1961, p. 170), f. zizyphorae Pospelov, in Poselov et al., Grib. Fl. Kirg. SSR 1, p. 95 (1957).
Pseudonym: E. labiatarum auct. p. p.
Anamorph: Oidium hormini Farnetti, Atti Inst. Bot. Pavia 7, p. 255 (1902). ? O. verbenacae Pass., in Thüm. , Myc. univ., cent. VIII, No. 789, Klosterneuburg 1877.
Ill.: Blumer (1933,p. 272-273, fig. 95-97;1967,p. 46, fig. 11 d, p. 189, fig. 57); Sandu-Ville (1967,p. 189, fig. 29, p. 219, fig. 37); Constantinescu & Negrean (1973, p. 280, fig. 1); Zhao (1979, p. 60, fig. 27); Zheng & Chen (1981b, p. 271, fig. 27); Gorter & Eicker (1983, p. 39, fig. 1-3); Salata (1985, p. 129, fig. 53).
Lit.: Blumer (1933,p. 271;1967,p. 189,192); GoIovin (1960,p. 116) ; Junell (1967,p. 24,45); Sandu-Ville (1967, p. 188); BoesewinkeI (1979, p. 22); Bunkina (1979, p. 58); Zhao (1979, p. 59); Zheng & Chen (1981b, p. 270); Gorter & Eicker (1983, p. 38); Salata (1985, p. 128).
Exs.: Thüm., F. austr. 141,1043.
Mycelium on stems and leaves, amphigenous, effused or thin patches, subpersistent or evanescent, hyphae ca 4-9 µm wide, appressoria nipple-shaped or slightly lobed, sometimes hardly developed, conidiophores erect, foot-cells nearly cylindric, (30-)40-75(-80) x 10-13 µm, followed by 1-3 shorter cells, frequently constricted at the basal septum (ca 5-10 µm wide), basal septum sometimes somewhat away from the branching point of the mycelium, conidia in chains, ellipsoid-ovoid to doliform, ca 25-42 x 14-24 µm, germ tubes apically or subapically arising, moderately long, ending in an unlobed appressorium. Cleistothecia scattered to subgregarious, (70-)85-150 µm in diam, cells irregularly shaped, size variable, (5-)10-25(-35) µm diam, appendages numerous, mycelioid, in the lower half of the ascocarp, 0.5-2.5 times as long as the cleistothecial diam, rarely exceeding, smooth to verrucose, septate, thin-walled, ± brown when mature, simple, rarely irregularly branched, 4-9.5 µm wide, interwoven with each other and with the mycelium, often forming a dense felt around the ascocarps, ca 5-15 asci, rarely more, stalked, ca (45-)50-80(-95)x 25-45(-50) µm, 2-spored, rarely 3 or 4 spores, ellipsoid-ovoid, 20-25(-30) x 12-18.5 µm, the asci are usually filled with oil-drops, even when mature. Pl. 61, fig. D; Pl. 63, fig. A.
Lectotypus: on Lycopus europaeus L., Ehrenberg (l.c.), pl. 13, original drawing.
Hosts and distr.: on numerous host species of various host genera of the Lamiaceae (on Ajuga, Clinopodium, Dracocephalum, Hedeoma, Hyssopus, Lallemantia, Lycopus, Mentha, Micromeris, Monarda, Nepeta, Ocimum, Origanum, Prunella, Salvia, Scutellaria, Stachyopsis, Stachys, Teucrium, Thymus, Ziziphora), all Europe, Asia (Asia Minor, Central Asia, Siberia, Far East of the USSR, Japan, China, India), North Africa, North America (USA, Canada), introduced in South America.
Taxon name: