Search on : Taxa descriptions

 


 
 Add this item to the list   Sarcodon Underwoodii sp. nov.
   
Literature:
 
Page number:147 
Remarks (internal):The plant is closely related to S. fennicus Karst. differing from that species in its radicating stem, the finer teeth and the dark horny appearance of the flesh when dried; the dark color at the base of the stem also appears to be lacking. The teeth in the dried plant are very brittle so that herbarium specimens are often denuded. The plant has been generally referred to S. imbricates but its only claim to such disposition is the fact that it has a scaly pileus. One set of Ellis N. Am. Fung. contained a large specimen of this species under 926 (H. imbricatum L.) 
Description type:Original description 
Description:Sarcodon Underwoodii sp. nov.
Plant terrestrial, mesopodous, small to medium size; pileus sub-plane, depressed, irregular, 6-10 cm. wide; margin thin, inflexed, fertile with short teeth; surface covered with small narrow scales more or less floccose toward margin, mostly 1-2 mm. wide, ends upturned, subzonately arranged, color pale brown or tan, somewhat darker on the scales, grayish brown toward the margin; substance fleshy, whitish, drying thin (less than i mm.), hard, dark, brown to black, subtranslucent; stem irregular abruptly tapering and radicating below, subconcolorous, scaly and roughened above by scattered spines, 3-5 cm. long, 1-3 cm. wide; teeth small, slender, terete, acute, crowded, decurrent, scattered nearly to base of stem, pale cinereous nearly white, light brown when dry, 2-3 mm. long, 0.5 mm. wide, in dried plants less than 2 mm. long, capillary, 4 to 6 to one millimeter; spores globose, tuberculate, 5-6 µm wide, dark colored; taste bitter.
Hab.: Ground in dry woods. July-Oct.
Range: Connecticut, Underwood and Earle 598; New Jersey,
Ellis, Gentry.
The type specimens are the U. & E. S98 at the New York Botanical Garden.
 
Taxon name: