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Page number:232 
Description type:Non-original description 
Description:Phellinus zealandicus (Cooke) comb. nov. Fig. 53
Polyporus zealandicus Cke., Grevillea 8: 55, 1879, non Cke. 1888. Polyporus victoriae Berk. ex Cke., Grevillea 10: 103, 1882. Fomes zealandicus Cke., Grevillea 14: 18, 1885. Poria victoriae (Berk.) Cke., Grevillea 14: 111, 1886. Pyropolyporus robinsoniae Murr., N. Am. Flora 9: 108, 1908 Poria uncinata Weir ex Clel. & Rodw., Pap. roy. Soc. Tasm. 1928, p. 39, 1928. Fomes senex var. hamatus Corner, Trans. Brit. mycol. Soc. 17: 75, 1932. Fomes hamatus (Corner) Imaz., J. Jap. Bot. 16: 586, 1940. Fuscoporia uncinata (Weir) G. H. Cunn., N.Z.D.S.I.R. Pl. Dis. Div. Bull. 73: 3, 1948.
Hymenophore perennial, solitary or frequently imbricate, firm and woody, attached by a broad base. Pilei commonly applanate, sometimes effused-reflexed, occasionally resupinate, 5-25 cm wide, 4-11 cm radius, 12-25 mm thick; pileus surface chestnut, becoming umber, concentrically sulcate and ridged, at first tomentose with bands of hairs arranged concentrically, finally glabrous or almost so, save near the periphery; without a cortex; margin bluntly acute, bay or chestnut, tomentose, even or sparsely lobed; hymenial surface fulvous or chestnut, slightly glancing, with a lighter sterile border 1-4 mm wide. Pores stratose, 1-5 mm deep in each layer, ferruginous, 6-7 per mm, 80-150 µm diameter; dissepiments 50-120 µm thick, equal, finely velutinate. Context to 5 mm thick, fulvous or chestnut, seldom darker, of mainly radiate hyphae; skeletal hyphae to 4 µm diameter, pseudoseptate, sparsely branched, walls to 1 µm thick, chestnut; generative hyphae to 3.5 µm diameter, branched, septate, walls 0.2 µm thick, hyaline. Hymenial layer to 18 µm deep, a dense palisade of setae, basidia and paraphyses. Setae subulate or ventricose, some with hamate apices, 20-36 x 6-8 µm, walls chestnut, to 2 µm thick. Basidia clavate, 8-12 x 4-5 µm, bearing 4 spores; sterigmata erect, to 3 µm long. Paraphyses subulate or oblong, 6-10 x 3.5-4 µm. Spores obovate, subglobose, or globose, 4-5.5 x 3-3.5 µm, walls smooth, hyaline, 0.1 µm thick.
TYPE LOCALITY: Coromandel, Auckland.
DISTRIBUTION: New Zealand, Australia, Tasmania, New Guinea, North, Central and South America, Africa, East Indies.
HABITAT: Bark or decorticated wood of dead standing and fallen trunks, associated with a white pocket rot.
CUNONIACEAE. Weinmannia racemosa. Auckland, Te Moehau, Coromandel Peninsula, 700 m. Taranaki, Mt. Egmont, 770-850 m. LAURACEAE. Beilschmiedia tarairi: Auckland, Ngunguru, Whangarei. Bedschmiedia tawa: Auckland, Lake Okataina, 500 m; Lake Waikaremoana, 450 m. MELIACEAE. Dysoxylum spectabile: Auckland, Riverhead; Taupiri Mt., 300 m. PODOCARPACEAE. Podocarpus dacrydioides: Auckland, Smiths Bush, Takapuna. UNKNOWN HOSTS. Auckland, Woods Bay, Titirangi. Westland Hot Springs Track, Waiho, 200 m. Queensland, Bunya Mountains (Lloyd 622 as Fomes torulosus); Eugilla Range. New South Wales, The Oaks (Lloyd 53 as Fomes squarrosus). Victoria, Beech Forest, Belgrave. South Australia, National Park; Dorrigo (Lloyd 446 as Fomes yucatensis). Western Australia, Narrogin. Tasmania, Mt. Wellington; National Park.
IN KEW HERBARIUM: "Vic., Dr Mueller", type of Polyporus victoriae; "Vic., Mt Napier, Johnson", filed under Poria corium; "N.Z., Coromandel, 309, 310", type of Polyporus zealandicus; "N.Z., Berggren" and "Sunday Island, Kermadec Islands, W. R. B. Oliver", under Fomes zealandicus; "Q., Bunya Mountains, J.B.C.", under Fomes torulosus; and "Vic., D.F.P., 2494", under Fomes hamatus.
From Phellinus setulosus, which also possesses hamate setae, the species may be separated by the absence of a cortex, usually velutinate pileus surface, and the lighter colour of hymenial surface and context. Most plants are applanate. Some setae are hooked at their apices, with tips bent at right angles, but many are erect with acuminate apices.
The type of Polyporus victoriae was, on examination, found to be a resupinate form of the species, as was the type of Poria uncinata ex "N.S.W., Milsom Island, Hawkesbury River, J.B.C." The New Zealand record of the latter (Cunningham 1948a, p. 3) was based on a resupinate specimen of Phellinus zealandicus.
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