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Page number:56 
Remarks (internal):According to Cunningham (1944) occasional specimens have lower meshes elongated and, rarely, the lower arms fused to form a short stipe but nothing like this is to be seen in the available material. Individual meshes are, indeed frequently elongated and by chance several adjacent ones may be elongated in the same direction. Cunningham also states that most specimens have coarsely chambered arms, though he concedes that some have tubular arms. It has not been the writer's experience to encounter even one chambered-armed specimen of this rather common fungus and Cunningham's view seems to be an error. Possibly he was influenced by the desire to show Ileodictyon to be synonymous with Clathrus. This might be justified but Cunningham's particular argument to this end was false since a chambered receptacle such as he envisaged for I. cibarium does not occur in Clathrus either. There is, however, some variation in the structure of the arms; in some specimens they consist of a single continuous tube with no visible groove or pits, as originally described by Tulasne. In other specimens the arms consist of two tubes running side by side, with or without a longitudinal external furrow. There are reports of three-tubed arms but none such have been seen in the material studied though various arrangements of tubes, furrows and pits have been observed at the intersection or arms.
Colenso (1893) gave an amusing account of the explosive opening of a fruit-body and for various accounts of its supposed edibility compare Tulasne (1844), Colenso (1893) and Cunningham.
Description type:Non-original description 
Description:Ileodictyon cibarium Tulasne in Raol, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. Ser. 3, 2: 114 (1844) .
Clathrus cibarius (Tul.) E. Fischer, Jahrb. K. Bot. Gart. Berlin 4: 74 (1886).
Ileodictyon cibarium var. giganteum Colenso, Trans. N.Z. Inst. 25: 308 (1893). - Ileodictyon giganteum (Colenso) Colenso, Trans. N.Z. Inst. 25: 324 (1893).
Clathrus tepperianus Ludwig, Bot. Centralbl. 43: 5 (1890).
Egg subglobose to obovate, smooth, whitish, up to 7 cm diameter. Mature receptacle white, translucent, globose but becoming depressed when flaccid, clathrate with great range in dimensions up to 10 cm diam. and occasionally even up to 25 cm, becoming detached from the reticulately marked volva; meshes usually between 10 and 30, unequal in size, polygonal, usually approximately isodiametric, arms up to about 1 cm broad, not noticeably thickened at the intersections and (except in very fully expanded material, when they are smooth) marked with creases showing the manner of folding, concertina-like, in the egg, constructed of from one to three continuous tubes, often with a groove and pits along the median line of the outer face. Gleba covering the entire inner surface of the arms, olive-brown, mucid, smelling of camembert cheese. Spores hyaline, smooth, 4-6 x 2-2.5 µm. Fig. 17A - B.
Type locality: Banks Peninsula, South Island, New Zealand, leg. Raol.
Distribution. Australia, New Zealand, Tasmania, Chile, introduced in E. Africa & England.

Icones: Fischer, Denkschr. Schweiz. Ges. Nat. 32, Tab. 5 Fig. 35, 36 (1890). Cooke, Australian Fungi, Tab. 13 Fig. 100 (1892). - Lloyd, Mycological Writings 2, Tab. 91 Fig. 7, 8 (1906); Phalloids of
Australasia, Fig. 22 (1907); Synops. Known Phall., Fig. 73 (1909) . Cunningham, Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W. 56, Tab. 10 (1931); Gasteromycetes - Australia & New Zealand, Tab. 12 Fig. 3, 4, Tab. 13 (1944). - Fischer in Engler & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 2 Aufl. 7a, Fig. 59 (1933). Reid & Dring, Trans. Brit. Mycol. Soc. 47: 294 (1964).
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