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Literature:
 
Page number:1487 
Description type:Non-original description 
Description:Gnomoniopsis comari (P. Karst.) Sogonov, Stud. Mycol. 62:47. 2008. Fig. 3F-I
? Gnomonia comari P. Karst., Mycoth. Fenn. (Helsinki) 2:122. 1873.
? Gnomoniella comari (P. Karst.) Sacc., Syll. Fung. 1:415. 1882.
Perithecia immersed on herbaceous stems or covered with thin layer of host tissue on leaf veins and blades, hypophyllous and epiphyllous, solitary, scattered, glossy black, globose to subglobose, (112-)125-300(-330) µm high x (125-)130-450 (-500) µm diam (mean = 206 x 278, S.D. 72, 106, n1 = 11, n2 = 23). Necks central to lateral, short, some barely emerging from host tissue, (75-)85-125(-175) µm long (mean = 109, S.D. 28, n = 10), (50-)71-110(-120) µm diam at base (mean = 80, S.D. 22, n = 16), (25-)33-75(-80) µm diam at apex (mean = 42, S.D. 18, n = 14). In culture necks extremely long, occasionally contorted, sometimes with multiple necks per perithecium, (240-)250-2100(-2450) µm long (mean = 1034, S.D. 787, n = 14). Perithecial cell walls on substratum not observed; cell wall in culture of 6-7 layers, cells decreasing in size from outer to inner layers, irregular oval cells, 30-52 µm wide (mean = 40, S.D. = 7.5, n = 6). Asci fusiform to ellipsoid, (27-) 30-40(-43) x (5-)6-9(-10) µm (mean = 33.5 x 7.5, S.D. 4.3, 1.5, n1 = 30, n2 = 26), ascospores arranged irregularly biseriate or obliquely uniseriate. Ascospores fusiform, straight to slightly curved, one-septate, submedian, not constricted or slightly constricted at septum, each cell with 2-4 distinct guttules, 8-10 x 2-3 µm (mean = 9.1 x 2.7, S.D. 0.9, 0.4, n1 = 30, n2 = 24).
Cultures. - Pycnidia pink, (350-)450-1050(-1089) µm high x (300-)600-800(-825) µm diam (mean = 699 x 660, S.D. 292, 164.5 n1 = 7, n2 = 8). Conidia variably fusiform, globose, to femur-shaped, hyaline, no guttules, 5-8 x 2-3 µm (mean = 6.3 x 2.1, S.D. 0.9, 0.2, n1 = 13, n2 = 9). Pycnidia produced in CBS 807.79 and CBS 809.79. Cultural observations based on isolates CBS 806.79, CBS 807.79, and CBS 809.79. On PDA after 7 d colony diam (c.d.) 6.9-8.5 cm (SD = 0.8 n = 4), after 15 d, c.d. 8.5 cm (SD = 0.0, n = 4), and after 21 d, c.d. 8.5 cm (SD = 0.0, n = 4). After 21 d at 26 C on PDA colony center fuscous black, apricot, and dark red, diffusing red and orange pigments with luteous yellow margin. Surface appearing rubbery with a layer of saffron hyphae. Reverse similar, black, deep red, orange and yellow.
Habitat. - On overwintered leaves and petioles of Comarum palustre L. (Rosaceae).
Distribution. - Europe (Finland, Germany, Switzerland).
Specimens examined. Finland: Lami, on Comarum palustre, 5 Jul 1977, M. Monod 366 (CBS H-12977 dried culture, culture CBS 806.79); Iso Evo, on C. palustre, 7 Jul 1977, M. Monod 353 (CBS H-12978 dried culture, culture CBS 807.79); Qvarken, near Krakkkloefverns, on leaves of C. palustre, Jul 1859, Karsten. (Lectotype designated here, Fl. Fenn. Exs. 869, K(m):157111). Germany: Pirna, on petioles of C. palustre, Jul 1903, W. Krieger, Krieger Fungi Saxonici 1980 (BPI 596303; RUTPP). Switzerland: Vaud: Tourbière du Sentier, on C. palustre, 21 May 1979, M. Monod 540 (culture CBS 809.79).
 
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