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Page number:161 
Remarks (public):Auriscalpium vulgare is easily identifiable because the small hydnoid pileate and stipitate basidiome, and its growing on Pinus cones. 
Description type:Non-original description 
Description:Auriscalpium vulgare Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. (London) 1: 650, 1821.
Basidiome pileate and stipitate, pileus semicircular to reniform, about 2 cm in diam, upper sterile surface more or less tomentose to hirsute, brown, stipe lateral, 2-3 mm in diam, variable in length, densely tomentose and dark brown to blackish, hymenophore hydnoid with aculei 2-3 mm long, brownish, context whitish, hard, with a black line betwen tomentum and context. Hyphal system dimitic, generative hyphae with clamps, 2.5-3.5 µm, thin-walled, hyaline, skeletal hyphae thick-walled, 3-5 µm wide, brownish. Gloeocystidia cylindrical to fusiform, 30-40 x 4-6 µm, with granular content. Basidia clavate, 15-25 x 5-6 µm, with 4-sterigmata, and with a basal clamp. Basidiospores ellipsoid, 4.5-5.5 x 3.5-4.5 µm, finely verrucose, thick-walled, hyaline, amyloid.
Distribution in Europe: present in many European pine forests and often overlooked. Common and with a wide distribution in almost all Italian Regions.
Substrata: on Pinus nigra and P. laricio.
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