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Page number:269 
Remarks (internal): (1) Ramalina carpatica is easily recognizable at first glance by its habit on siliceous rocks and its blackening tips and apothecia. The collected specimens, reaching up to 9 cm tall, are the longest reported for this species. (2) The identification of this species was confirmed by Prof. Dr Oleg Blum (Kiev).
Description type:Non-original description 
Description:Ramalina carpatica Körb., in Fritze & Ilse, Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 20: 501 (1870).
type: “Mittelgrat”, Vysoké Tatry, Slovakia, 1863, leg. Hausknecht & Fritze [W? not seen].
Key Characters- Thallus epilithic, erect, with distinctly blackened branch tips, lacking soredia, isidia and pseudocyphellae; apothecia apical, occasionally blackening like the tips of branches; ascospores kidney-shaped.
Description- Thallus epilithic, shrubby, tufted, erect, up to 9 cm high; branches usually single, thick, smooth to unevenly pitted, hollow, cylindrical or rarely flattened at the base, not dorsiventral and not filamentous; soredia, isidia and pseudocyphellae absent; tips of the branches distinctly blackened; cortex plectenchymatous of perpendicular hypes, thin, indistinct, overlaying a strongly developed and cylindrical zone of prosoplectenchymatous tissue including the photobiont zone; photobiont trebouxioid. Ascomata apothecia, frequent, apical, partly blackened, shortly stalked, disc pale green or blackened. Asci elongate-clavate, Bacidia-type, 8-spored. Ascospores 1-septate, kidneyshaped, colourless, 11-16 x 5-7 µm.
Secondary metabolites- None detected by HPTLC. Spot tests K-, C-, KC- , Pd-. Earlier studies report evernic, obtusatic and usnic acid for this species (Culberson 1970). Our material seems to belong to a deficient strain.
Distribution and ecology- This species, previously known only from Poland to Greece in the Carpathian Mountains and the Balkans (Keissler 1959, Abbott 2009), is reported here for the first time from Turkey. It is a saxicolous species from wind-exposed cliffs of acidic silicate rocks.
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