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Page number:1040 
Remarks (public):Petersen (1979) mentioned the existence of a considerable variation in the overall color of this species in the southern Appalachian Mountains, ranging from cinnabar red to a bright orange without any trace of red anywhere on the fruit body. When collecting in the GSMNP in 2004 we found color forms in which the variation extends even to a brighter, almost lemon, yellow, but we never found such color variations in specimens from other parts of the United States. Similar variations in the fruit body color are known from related species on other continents, in particular from Madagascar (Buyck 2008). These GSMNP collections very well may represent a different subspecies as suggested by preliminary sequence data obtained for other protein coding genes (Buyck and Hofstetter unpubl), but more specimens must be analyzed.
A variety "australiensis (Cleland) Corner" with thin-walled surface hyphae (as in C. texensis) has been described from Australia (Corner 1966, basionym C. cibarius var. australiensis Cleland). Eyssartier and Buyck (2001b) considered it to be a possible synonym of C. concinnus Berk. Also this taxon differs from our C. texensis by its short ellipsoid spores (mean Q = 1.34).
 
Description type:Non-original description 
Description:Cantharellus cinnabarinus (Schwein.) Schwein., Trans. amer. phil. soc. 4:153.1834. Figs. 5-7
= Agaricus cinnabarinus Schwein., Schriften Naturf. Ges. Leipzig 1:83. 1822, basionym.
= Hygrophorus cinnabarinus (Schwein.) Fr., Epicrisis, p 329. 1838.
Spores of this species are distinctly shorter, although of about the same width as in C. texensis as shown by our measurements of the neotype: (6.46-)6.71-7.14-7.57(-8.13) x (3.75-) 3.82-4.25-4.68(-5.21) µm, Q = (1.47-)1.57-1.69-1.80(-1.89), n = 20 (cf. Figs. 2, 5).
Holotype: not designated. No original material found in Schweinitz's herbarium, according to Lloyd (1913).
Neotypus (hic designatus): United States. Tennessee: Blount County, Great Smoky Mountains National Park, vicinity Townsend, Cades Cove, Willie Myers, 14 VII 2004, Buyck 04-263 (neotypus in herbario PC conservatur)

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