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Page number:411 
Remarks (internal):A description of this species was given by Guarro et al. (2002). However, pycnidium-like conidiomata or chlamydospores were not described in the protolog. In P. ocularis, as in P. cornearis and P. pluriloculosa, the sporulation is associated with conidiophores arising from the aerial mycelium and with the sporodochium-and pycnidium-like conidiomata. The main distinctive feature of P. ocularis is that the pycnidium-like conidiomata have a wall made of both textura intricata and textura epidermoidea, and the conidia from these structures are usually ellipsoidal. In addition, it differs from the other species by its growth at 37 C.  
Description type:Non-original description 
Description:Phialemoniopsis ocularis (Gené & Guarro) H. Perdomo, D. García, Gené, Cano & Guarro, comb. nov. Fig. 6
MycoBank MB563877
≡ Sarcopodium oculorum Gené & Guarro, in Guarro et al., J. Clin. Microbiol. 40:3074 (2002).
Colonies on OA at 25 C attained 47-48 mm diam after 14 d, granulose, smooth toward the periphery, with whitish, soft cottony aerial mycelium and brownish gray (4E2) submerged hyphae. On PDA at 25 C, the colonies reaching 39-50 mm diam after 14 d, cream-colored (4A3) to brownish gray (4E2), radially folded and granulose due to the abundant production of conidiomata. The fungus grew slowly at 37 C (9-14 mm diam after 14 d); no growth at 40 C; optimal temperature for growth was 25 C. Sporulation from conidiophores solitary on the aerial mycelium or aggregated into sporodochium-like and pycnidium-like conidiomata. Phialides and adelophialides from aerial mycelium straight to slightly flexuose, cylindrical, 3-19(-36) x 1-2 µm, with collarettes, initially hyaline to subhyaline becoming brown, smooth-walled. Conidia cylindrical or slightly allantoid, 3-5 x 1-1.5 µm, slightly appiculate at the base, biguttulate, hyaline, smooth-walled, arranged in slimy heads. Sporodochium-like conidiomata superficial, applanate to cupulate or pulvinate, up to 400 µm diam, with setae forming a frill at the margin of the conidiomata and interspersed with the conidiophores. Pycnidium-like conidiomata superficial, solitary, unilocular, globose to subglobose, 300-500 x 120-600 µm; wall 6-7 µm thick, dark brown to black, with two types of textura intricata and epidermoidea. These conidiomata open by an irregular rupture and often appear cup-shaped when mature and surrounded by setae. Setae erect, usually unbranched, straight or flexuose, septate, cylindrical, with slightly pointed or blunt tips, up to 65 µm long, 1.5-2.5 µm wide, subhyaline to dark brown, smooth-walled, thin- to slightly thick-walled. Conidiomatal conidiophores hyaline, straight, simple or irregularly branched, with branches bearing a group of 2-4 phialides terminally. Phialides usually with a slightly swollen basal part and slightly tapering toward the tip, 5-8 x 1-1.5 µm, hyaline. Conidia usually ellipsoidal, some slightly allantoid, 2-3 x 1-1.5 µm, with a slightly apiculate base, one-guttulate, hyaline, smooth-walled. Chlamydospores present, intercalary, solitary or in chains, globose to pyriform, 5-9 x 3-6 µm, initially hyaline becoming brown, thick- and rough-walled. Teleomorph unknown.
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