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 Add this item to the list  Gasterocarp 55-85 mm
   
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Page number:262 
Remarks (internal):Bovistella was first proposed by Morgan in 1892, and the genus is distributed worldwide. Bovistella japonica is characterized by the presence of short, separate capillitial units, pedicellate spores, and sterile base. The combination of Bovista-like capillitial units and Lycoperdon-like sterile base places the species in the intermediate genus, Bovistella, along with B. ohiensis (Ellis & Morgan) Morgan, B. radicata (Durieu & Mont.) Pat., B. lycoperdoides (Schwein.) Lloyd, B. paludosa (Lév.) Pat., and B. ammophila (Lév.) Lloyd. Among these taxa, B. japonica is more closely allied with B. ohiensis and B. paludosa, which also share the same general spore dimensions (~4-5 µm). Bovistella japonica can be distinguished by its more compact sterile base. This species is a new addition to the mycoflora of Pakistan. 
Description type:Non-original description 
Description:Bovistella japonica Lloyd, Mycol. Writ. 2: 281 (1906) Fig. 1
Gasterocarp 55-85 mm diam. x 85 mm high, globose to subglobose, white when young, turning reddish brown with age. Sterile Base well developed, up to 30 mm high, spongy, chambered, basally attached to the substratum by well developed, thick mycelial strand, having white, branched rhizomorphs heavily encrusted with soil particles; ostiole lacking; dehiscence irregular, fruiting body breaking apart apically. Peridium < 1mm thick. Exoperidium white when young, becoming dull brown with age, thin, formed of granular matter which covers the endoperidium, persistent. Endoperidium entirely covered by exoperidium even in older specimen, light brown, thin, papery. Gleba brown, cottony, compact.
Basidiospores subglobose to ovoid, 4.0-5.5 x 3.8-4.7 µm, hyaline to greenish in KOH, pedicellate, pedicels short to very long, up to 19 µm long. Capillitium Bovista type, well developed, separate units having a thick main axis (≤ 20 µm diam.), thick walled (walls ≤ 2.85 µm), branches originating from the main axis, 1.2-6.0 µm diam. (walls ≤ 1.0 µm), with attenuate tips. Exoperidium composed of subglobose to irregular sphaerocysts. Endoperidium composed of hyaline, unbranched, and aseptate hyphae. Sterile Base composed of pigmented, thick walled, branched, and aseptate hyphae.
 
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