Search on : Taxa descriptions


 Add this item to the list   254523 NO1
Page number:86 
Remarks (internal):Tricholomopsis rutilans is easily recognizable by the large and fleshy basidiocarps (when mature), red-violet fibrils or scales on pileus and stipe surface, and above all by the broadly ellipsoid to subglobose spores. A typical T. flammula mostly differs by slender basidiocarps with yellow stipes and more elongated (ellipsoid), more slender spores. However, in some cases its basidiocarps reach almost the same size as those of T. rutilans and the stipe is covered by violet fibrils, especially when young. In such cases, the spore shape and size (see the key above) and abundance of pleurocystidia are decisive for correct identification of T. flammula. 
Description type:Non-original description 
Description:Tricholomopsis rutilans (Schaeff. : Fr.) Singer 1939
Selected descriptions and icones. Breitenbach & Kränzlin (1991: no. 445), Ryman & Holmåsen (1992: 281), Boekhout & Noordeloos (1999: 151-152), Ludwig (2000: no. 85.3.B, C; 2001: 680), Roux (2006: 380), Vesterholt (2008: 334-335).
Diagnostic characters - Basidiocarps large and fleshy when mature, pileus and stipe densely covered with red-violet fibrils to scales. Spores broadly ellipsoid to subglobose, rarely broadly obovoid or ellipsoid, 5.0-8.5 x 4.0-6.5 µm, Q = 1.14-1.55, Qav = 1.30-1.35; pleurocystidia absent or rare.
Distribution and ecology - Common throughout Europe; living on dead wood of conifers, often buried in soil; in all forest types, in clearings, along forest roads, in parks and gardens.
Taxon name: