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 Add this item to the list  ECHINOCHAETE RUSSICEPS (Berk.& Br.) Reid.
Page number:323 
Description type:Non-original description 
Description:ECHINOCHAETE RUSSICEPS (Berk.& Br.) Reid.
Kew Bull. 17:285, 1963. - Polyporus russiceps Berk. & Br., Jour. Linn. Soc. Bot. 14:48, 1873 (K:). - Polyporus grammocephalus var.russiceps (Berk. & Br.) Cooke, Grevillea 13:84, 1885.
FRUITBODY annual, usually solitary, 2-6 cm wide and long, 1-4 mm thick, narrowing behind to a broad flattened stipelike base, 4-10 mm wide, consistency coriaceous to brittle. PILEUS spathulate to flabelliform, upper surface whitish-pink when fresh, mostly reddish-brown to goldenbrown with an ochraceous tint when dry, minutely tomentose and often with dark radiating lines and some dark upstanding scales (more prominent when fresh). PORE SURFACE whitish when fresh, ochraceous buff to dark-brown when dry, pores angular about 3-5 per mm, easily seen with the naked eye, with thin, papery dissepiments. Tubes up to 1.5 mm deep, concolorous with the pore surface. CONTEXT up to 4 mm thick near the stipe, thin towards the margin, whitish when fresh, ochraceous buff when dry, usually paler than the tubes.
HYPHAL SYSTEM in the tubes dimitic, generative hyphae hyaline, clamped and thin-walled, 2-3 µm in diameter, arboriform binding hyphae dominating, yellow and thickwalled, 1-8 µm wide. Context hyphae strongly dextrinoid when seen in clusters, dominated of arboriform binding hyphae up to 10 µm in diameter. SETOID ELEMENTS thick-walled and golden brown, lanceolate, with a number of projecting spines near the apex, present in groups in the hymenium, but very scanty, up to 35 x 10 µm. These structures are also present on the pilear surface where they are extremely abundant but larger and more lax than in the hymenium, up to 100 µm long. they appear as golden to dark brown spinous hyphae. SPORES subcylindric to ellipsoid, thin-walled, smooth and hyaline, 8-10 x 3.5-4.75, non-amyloid.
HABITAT. On dead wood. DISTRIBUTION. The species is widespread in the Indo-Pacific area, but also found in Malawi and Kenya, but it seems to be rare in Africa.
REMARKS. The species is easily recognized by the small pores and the long and slender setoid elements with short to long protuberances near the top.
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