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 Add this item to the list   TRAMETES CERVINA (Schw.) Bres.
   
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Page number:559 
Description type:Non-original description 
Description:TRAMETES CERVINA (Schw.) Bres.
Ann. Mycol. 1:81, 1903. - Boletus cervinus Schw. Syn. Fung. Carol. p. 70, 1822. - Polyporus biformis Fr. sensu Overholts (1953:328) non Fr. - Polyporus carolinensis Berk. & Curt. Hook. J. Bot. 1:102, 1849 (K;).
FRUITBODY annual, sometimes reviving, effused-reflexed to pileate, usually with an effused large resupinate part and single or imbricate pilei along the upper edge, more rarely as single or laterally fused pilei, then broadly attached or dimidiate, up to 5 cm broad and long, up to 1.5 cm thick at the base, coriaceous to soft when fresh, rather hard when dry. PILEUS first fibrillose-tomentose, white to cream, soon more rough with adpressed fibrils, scales or striae, ochraceous to cork-coloured to pale brown with darker striae or fibrous tufts, these tufts may finally become agglutinated, then the pileus becomes more glabrous, often with concentric zones, margin thin, acute and often lobed or incised. PORE SURFACE first cream to ochraceous, later darkening and with brown patches or discoloured, pores first angular and slightly radially elongated, 1-2(3) pores per mm, later irpicoid to daedaleoid, dissepiments entire, dentate to incised, thin, tubes concolorous with the pore surface or paler, single-layered, 1-4 mm long, sterile margin narrow, sometimes bent downwards when dry. CONTEXT homogeneous, cream to ochraceous, 1-3 mm thick.
HYPHAL SYSTEM trimitic, generative hyphae clamped, hyaline and thin-walled, 2-3 µm wide, weakly branched. Skeletal hyphae abundant in the whole fruitbody, thick-walled to solid, hyaline to golden, sometimes with secondary simple septa, 3-8 µm in diameter, especially golden and wide in the context. Binding hyphae few, thick-walled to solid, hyaline to yellow, 3-5 µm wide, moderately branched. CYSTIDIA none. SPORES cylindrical to slightly ellipsoid, hyaline, smooth and thin-walled, 8-10 x 3-4 µm, non-amyloid (from spore print).
HABITAT. On dead deciduous wood. DISTRIBUTION. North America, Europe and Africa (7, see below).
REMARKS. The taxon described here tentatively as T. cervina, may be another species because the spores are larger than those of T. cervina, where they are 5-7 x 1.5-2.5 µm and often distinctly allantoid. However, the seven African collections examined are identical with T. cervina with regard to macromorphology and hyphal system, matching American and European collections completely, except for the spores. The spores as shown on fig. 193 c were taken from a sporeprint and were confirmed by another sporeprint. In both these collections the fruitbodies had the characteristic brownish uneven colour on the pileus as in T. cervina. This prooves that they were not old and weathered specimens of Antrodia albida which can have almost the same type of spores. Further, the African collections of "T. cervina" had distinct binding hyphae which were absent from African collections of A. albida which were examined to check this point carefully.
The African collections represent a conspicuous taxon and probably there already exists a name for it among some of Patouillards of Lloyds many species described from Africa of which the types have not yet been examined. We have collections of this taxon from Burundi, Rwanda and Tanzania.
 
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